Vladimirstat surveyed 550 Vladimir families, a hundred of which live in rural areas, and found out what products form the basis of their diet. The research was conducted in 2020. Over the past eight years, residents of the region have eaten less fish, more eggs and sugar.
Coronavirus 2020 has seriously shaken the financial condition of Vladimir citizens. Interviewed citizens admitted that if in 2019 per family member accounted for 26,866 rubles per month, in 2020 this amount dropped to 23,982 rubles. This is less than the average Russian figure (it was 27,943 rubles), significantly less than the Central Federal District (32,370 rubles), and incomparably less than the Moscow figure (42,186 rubles).
It should be understood that the average figure does not reflect the financial situation of the poorest residents. 17.5% said that they could only afford to buy food, and 0.3% could not find money for it either. On average, Vladimir citizens spend 5,753 rubles on food in 2020. Over the year, this figure increased by 3.3% (in 2019, 5,621 rubles were spent on food). In 2020, on average, Vladimirites spent 46.4% of their income on food, almost 10% more than a year earlier.
Food refers to compulsory expenditures, so even with decreasing earnings, citizens do not stop consuming food. Instead, they switch to cheaper (usually less healthy) foods, giving up healthy variety. Despite the difficulties of the coronavirus year, in the broader perspective of the last eight years, Vladimir citizens still began to eat better.
According to studies, since 2012, residents of cities in the Vladimir region is gradually increasing the caloric content of their diet, as well as reducing its amount of carbohydrates and increasing the proportion of protein. This indirectly indicates a transition to a healthier diet. The situation is different in rural areas. The total caloric content of consumed foods is decreasing, and villagers are switching to more fatty foods with less protein.
In urban areas, citizens consume significantly less bread (7.8 kg per month per person versus 10.2 kg in the village according to data for 2020). The diet of a villager more often includes potatoes and vegetables, but less often – milk, eggs and fish. Fish consumption in the Vladimir region from 2012 to 2020 showed the most significant change. If in 2012 there were 1.9 kg of fish per person per month, in 2020 – 1.6. Since 2017, meat consumption in the region is decreasing. This is due to the rise in price of beef and lamb in Russia.
Rosstat gives more detailed results of the survey, providing research data for all of Russia. It found that large families spend on food the least (5181 rubles per person), while pensioners spend the most (oddly enough) (7964 rubles).
Families with many children are among the most financially disadvantaged groups. It is these families that the state helped the most during the pandemic. If to divide all Russians into ten equal groups according to their income, 10% of poorest citizens spend 3,695 rubles per month for food and 10% of richest spend 10,477 rubles per person. At the same time, the latter are much more likely to eat meat and fish.